As a budding developer, you play a crucial role in crafting, testing, constructing, and improving applications, software, and computer systems. There exist various types of software developers, and understanding the distinctions between them can aid you in pinpointing the development path that excites you the most. In this guide, we’ll clarify the role of a developer, outline a few typical developer categories, and share some guidance for your journey into the world of development.
What are the Different Types of Software Developers?
Many types of developers exist. But, let’s take a closer peek at some of the different types of developers you often come across:
A web developer’s job involves building websites for different people and groups. You might focus on making the parts of a website that users see (front-end) or the behind-the-scenes code that makes everything work (back-end). When creating websites, you think about how they look, how easy they are to use, and if everyone can access them. Your goal is to make websites that satisfy your clients and are user-friendly.
If you’re a backend developer, your focus is on making the parts of a website that work behind the scenes. You need to be skilled in things like web server software, databases, and the operating systems that make it all run. Think of it like using a Linux operating system, an Nginx or Apache web server, and a MariaDB or PostgreSQL database, all of which are open-source.
Now, there’s a bit of a twist. Some technologies, like PHP, blur the line between backend and frontend development. PHP is a special scripting language that can create the stuff you see on the website (the HTML) right from the server. It’s widely used, especially for things like WordPress and other popular systems like Laravel.
If you’re a full-stack developer, you handle both the front and back parts of applications. That means you need to know how to write code and understand what users do. Full-stack developers usually get training to learn how to make complete applications, programs, or software from start to finish.
When we talk about “applications” in software development, we’re talking about the software tools that people use to do things on their computers or devices, whether it’s on a desktop computer or on the internet.
Mobile app developers know how to use special tools called software development kits (SDKs) to create apps for a specific device system, like Apple’s iOS or Google’s Android. They make those cool little programs you use on your phone.
If you’re interested in becoming a game developer, you’ll be diving into the exciting world of video games. Your skills will enable you to craft engaging and interactive experiences for players to enjoy. As a game developer, your expertise can be applied to various platforms, including mobile devices, computers, and specific gaming consoles or operating systems.
Game developers wear many hats. They don’t just come up with cool game ideas; they also bring those ideas to life. This involves designing the gameplay, creating the artwork and graphics, writing the code that makes the game work, and often working with a team of talented individuals to put it all together.
Desktop Web Developer
Usually, desktop developers make programs for certain operating systems. This means they create software that works on systems like Microsoft’s Windows, Apple’s macOS, Google’s Chrome OS, or the open-source Linux.
According to Statcounter’s data from August 2022, Windows was the most popular desktop operating system, with about 74% of people using it worldwide. So, when you make desktop software, you might think about what most people are using, like Windows, to make sure lots of folks can use your programs.
Big Data Developer
Big data simply means dealing with enormous sets of data. Typically, large companies or those with a global reach store and manage big data using cloud storage systems. As a big data developer, your role can involve designing, maintaining, or analyzing these systems that store these colossal data sets.
When it comes to working with big data, developers use specific technologies and libraries tailored to the unique challenges of handling vast amounts of information. You might find yourself working with tools and software that help collect, process, and make sense of all this data.
Operating Systems Developer
Many developers around the world are busy working on well-known operating systems. Some are part of the teams at big companies like Microsoft, Apple, or Google, while others contribute to the open-source project, Linux. However, this group of developers is relatively small compared to the overall number of developers worldwide, which SlashData estimates to be over 24 million.
Interestingly, your refrigerator might even have its own operating system, but the ones running on popular computers are much more complex. These major operating systems are the result of the efforts of large teams of developers. These teams usually break the work into smaller parts, and each developer focuses on their specific area.
If you’re considering a career as a security developer, you’ll be delving into the world of safeguarding software and systems from cyber threats. Your role revolves around crafting and enhancing methods and procedures to test the security of software. This important work plays a vital role in shielding various programs and software from potential cyberattacks and threats.
Security is a top concern for businesses in the digital age. Why? Because it’s crucial for safeguarding sensitive data and valuable customer information. Imagine if a company’s data got into the wrong hands—it could lead to all sorts of problems! That’s where security developers come in. They create and improve security measures to ensure that these valuable assets remain protected.
Begin a Career in IT and Choose from the Different Types of Software Developers
Explore the various roles, from front-end developers who shape user experiences to secure the digital world as a security developer. The opportunities are boundless, and your unique skills can make a significant impact. So grow your skills and become an expert in this field today!